Book: Whitworth, Brian with Ahmad, Adnan (2014): The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. Aarhus, Denmark, The Interaction Design Foundation. ISBN: 978-87-92964-03-8.
Blurb: Hundreds of millions of people use social technologies like Wikipedia, Facebook and YouTube every day, but what makes them work? And what is the next step? The Social Design of Technical Systems explores the path from computing revolution to social evolution. Based on the assumption that it is essential to consider social as well as technological requirements, as we move to create the systems of the future, this book explores the ways in which technology fits, or fails to fit, into the social reality of the modern world. Important performance criteria for social systems, such as fairness, synergy, transparency, order and freedom, are clearly explained for the first time from within a comprehensive systems framework, making this book invaluable for anyone interested in socio-technical systems, especially those planning to build social software. This book reveals the social dilemmas that destroy communities, exposes the myth that computers are smart, analyses social errors like the credit meltdown, proposes online rights standards and suggests community-based business models. If you believe that our future depends on merging social virtue and technology power, you should read this book.
1. Adnan Ahmad and Brian Whitworth, Access Control Standards: Towards an Online Bill of Rights, Under journal submission.
1. Whitworth, B. and Li, J. (2013), Social Feedback Efficiency and Social Bookmark Usage, IADIS International Conference, ICT, Society and Human Beings 2013, 24 – 26 July, Prague, Czech Republic.2. Whitworth, Brian with Ahmad, Adnan (2013): The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. Aarhus, Denmark, The Interaction Design Foundation. ISBN: 978-87-92964-03-8
3. Enggong, L. and Whitworth, B., Are security and privacy equally important in influencing citizens to use e-consultation?, Int. J. of Electronic Governance, 2013 Vol.6, No.2, pp.152 - 166
Whitworth, Brian and Ahmad, Adnan (2012): Socio-Technical System Design. In: Soegaard, Mads and Dam, Rikke Friis (eds.). "Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction". Aarhus, Denmark: The Interaction-Design.org Foundation. Available online at http://www.interaction-design.org/encyclopedia/socio-technical_system_design.html
Whitworth, B. and Sylla, C., A Social Environment Model of Socio-technical Performance, International Journal for Networking and Virtual Organizations, Vol 11, Number 1, p1-29 2012
Ahmad, B. Whitworth and L. Janczewski, Dynamic Rights Reallocation in Social Networks, Human Factors in Information Securty and Assurance (HAISA), in International Information Security and Privacy Conference (IFIP SEC’12), Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 4-6, 2012
Ahmad, B. Whitworth and L. Janczewski, More Choices, More Control: Extending Access Control by Meta-Rights Reallocation, International Workshop on Trust, Security and Privacy in e-Government, e-Systems & Social Networking (eGSSN-12), in IEEE International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (TrustCom 2012), Liverpool, United Kingdom, June 25-27, 2012
Whitworth, B., Janczewski,L. and Ahmad, A., The Logic of Creation in Online Social Networks, Accepted in The 2012 World Congress in Computer Science, Computer Engineering and Applied Computing (WORLDCOMP’12), Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 16-19, 2012
Enggong, L. and Whitworth, B. Investigating personal and community factors in e-government: a citizen’s perspective, Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems (PACIS) (http://www.pacis2012.org/index.php), 2012
Ahmad, A., and Whitworth, B. 2011. Distributed Access Control for Social Networks, In proceedings of International conference of information assurance and security, IAS 2011.
Ahmad, A. and Whitworth, B. 2011. Access Control Taxonomy for Social Networks, In proceedings of International conference of information assurance and security, IAS 2011.
- Friedman, R., Whitworth, B. and Brownstein, M., 2010, Realizing the Power of Extelligence: A New Business Model for Academic Publishing, The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, Volume 6, p1-13 2010
- Whitworth, B., Yang, C., and Jones, B. (2010). Web-based Decision Support for Mobile Phone Selection. The Ninth Wuhan International Conference on E-Business (WHICEB 2010), May 29 - May 30, 2010, Wuhan, China
B. and Sylla, C., 2010, A social environment model of socio-technical
performance, 2010, International Academy of Business and Economics,
Bangkok Summer Conference, June 4- 6, 2010
- Whitworth, B., 2010, The emergence of the physical world from information processing, Quantum Biosystems 2010, 2 (1) 221-249. Latest version here.
- Whitworth, B., 2010, Simulating space and time, Prespacetime Journal, March 2010, Vol. 1, Issue 2, Page 218-243. Latest version here.
- Whitworth, B., 2010, The Light of Existence, Centre for Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science Research Report 390. Latest version here.
- Whitworth, B. and Liu, T., Etiquette Based Socio-Technical Design, Ch 13 in Hayes, C. C. and Miller, C. A. (eds) (2010) Human-Computer Etiquette: Cultural Expectations and the Design Implications They Place on Computers and Technology,” Taylor & Francis, 2010
- Whitworth, B. & Friedman, R., 2009, Reinventing academic publishing online Part I: Rigor, Relevance and Practice, First Monday, Volume 14, Number 8, 3 August
- Whitworth, B. & Friedman, R., 2009, Reinventing academic publishing online Part II: A Socio-technical Vision First Monday, Volume 14, Number 9, September
- Patten, Karen P.; Fjermestad, Jerry; and Whitworth, Brian,2009, How CIOs Use Flexibility to Manage Uncertainty in Dynamic Business Environments AMCIS Proceedings. Best Practitioner Paper for AMCIS 2009.
- Whitworth, B. and Liu, T., 2009, Channel email: Evaluating social communication efficiency, IEEE Computer, July, p63-72
- Whitworth , B., 2009, Politeness as a Social Software Requirement, Int. J. of Virtual Communities and Social Networking, 1(2), p65-84, April-June 2009
- Whitworth, B., 2009, The Social Requirements of Technical Systems,
Chapter 1 of Whitworth, B., and Moor, A.d. (eds.) Handbook of Research on Socio-Technical Design and Social Networking Systems. IGI, Hershey, PA, 2009
- Whitworth, B., and Moor, A.d. (eds.) Handbook of Research on Socio-Technical Design and Social Networking Systems. IGI, Hershey, PA, 2009.
- Whitworth, B., Ryu, H., 2009, A Comparison of Human and Computer Information Processing, in Pagani, M. (Ed), 2009, Encyclopedia of Multimedia Technology and Networking, 2nd Edition, Vol 1, p230-239, Information Science Reference, Hershey PA.
- Whitworth, B., 2009, A brief introduction to socio-technical systems, Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Second ed, Ed Claude Ghaoui, Hershey: Idea Group Publishing, 394-400
- Whitworth, Brian; Whitworth, Alex P.. The social environment model: Small heroes and the evolution of human society. First Monday, [S.l.], Vol 15, No 11-1, Nov. 2010. ISSN 13960466. Available at: <http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/3173/2647>.
- Whitworth, B., Banuls, V., Sylla, C., Mahinda, E., 2008, Expanding the Criteria for Evaluating Socio-Technical Software, IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part A, Volume 38, Issue 4, July p777 - 790
- B. Whitworth and R. Friedman, 2008, The Challenge of Modern Academic Knowledge Exchange SIGITE Newsletter, vol. 5 no. 2, pp. 4-10
- Whitworth, B. & Friedman, R.,2008, Full Access and Review: Applying Socio-technical Practice to Academia ACM SIGITE Annual Conference, Cincinnati, Ohio, October 17-19, pp. 231-236
- Whitworth , B. & Liu, T., 2008, Politeness as a Social Computing Requirement, Chapter XXIV, p419-436, in Luppicini, R. (Ed), 2008, Handbook of Conversation Design for Instructional Applications, Information Science Reference, Hershey PA
Duplicated as: Whitworth , B. & Liu, T., 2008, Politeness as a Social Computing Requirement, Chapter CCX in Human Computer Interaction: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications, Edited By: Panayiotis Zaphiris, City University of London, UK; Chee Siang Ang, City University of London, UK. Information Science Reference, Hershey PA
And as: Whitworth , B. & Liu, T., 2008, Politeness as a Social Computing Requirement,in Section Six of Selected Readings on the Human Side of Information Technology Edited By: Edward J. Szewczak, Canisius College, USA. Information Science Reference, Hershey PA
----- Peter Hawes, 2008, A polite chat with Dr Brian, Off Campus, vol 13, issue 2, June, p20-21
------ Ulrika Hedquist 14 May, 2008 Academic argues software needs to learn manners: Politeness' is a critical success factor for software, Computerworld link:http://computerworld.co.nz/news.nsf/devt/A4B9BCCD1B0884FACC2574480019CA20
- Whitworth, B., Liu, T. Online Support for Postgraduate Thesis Advisement: The Research Roadmap Project,
Proceedings of the Twenty First Annual Conference of the National
Advisory Committee on Computing Qualifications, 4—7 July. Auckland, New
- Whitworth, B. 2008, Online Support for Postgraduate Learning, Vice Chancellor’s Symposium, 12th November, Albany, Auckland New Zealand
- Whitworth, B. 2008, Some implications of Comparing Human and Computer Processing (HICSS 2008, The 41 st Annual Hawaii International Conference on the System Sciences, 7-10 Jan, Waikaloa Village, Big Island)
- Sylla, C., Whitworth, B. and Mahinda, E., A hybrid method for the multicriteria evaluation of network technologies, ICT Africa Council 2008, Addis Ababa , Ethiopia - February 13-15
- Whitworth, B. 2007, A Research Publishing Checklist For New Authors , ACIS 2007 - 18th Australasian Conference on Information Systems, 5-7 Dec 2007, Toowoomba
- Whitworth, B. 2007, Combining Rigor and Relevance: The Open Electronic Archive Option, ACIS 2007 - 18th Australasian Conference on Information Systems, 5-7 Dec 2007, Toowoomba.
- Whitworth, B. 2007, A Research Publishing Checklist, Workshop on PhD Research Paper Publishing & Presenting, for The Sixth Wuhan International Conference on E-Business (WHICEB 2007) , Wuhan, P.R. China, May 26-27 Paper..... Publication Slides ....Presentation Slides
- Whitworth, B., Fjermestad, J., Mahinda, E., 2006, The Web of System
Performance: A multi-goal model of information system performance, Communications of the ACM, May, Vol 49, No 5, p93-99.
- Whitworth, B., 2006, Measuring Disagreement, Chapter XIX, in Handbook of Research on Electronic Surveys and Measurements,
Edited by: Rodney A. Reynolds, Pepperdine University; Robert Woods,
Spring Arbor University; Jason D. Baker, Regent University, Idea Group
Reference (an imprint of Idea Group Inc.) ISBN: 1-59140-792-3 Publisher: Information Science Reference
- Whitworth, B., Aldo de Moor, A. and Liu, T., 2006, Towards a Theory of Online Social Rights,
in R. Meersman, Z. Tari, P. Herrero et al. (Eds.): OTM Workshops 2006,
LNCS 4277, pp. 247 – 256, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
- Whitworth, B., 2006, Social-technical Systems, in Encyclopedia of Human Computer Interaction, Edited Claude Ghaoui, Idea Group Reference, Hershey. p533-541
- Whitworth, B., 2006, Spam as a symptom of electronic communication technologies that ignore social requirements, in Encyclopedia of Human Computer Interaction, Edited Claude Ghaoui, Idea Group Reference, Hershey, p559-566.
- Whitworth, B., Aldo de Moor, A. and Liu, T., 2006, Towards a Theory of Online Social Rights, International Workshop on Community Informatics (COMINF'06) Nov 2 - Nov 3, Montpellier, France
- Whitworth, B., Cheickna, S., and Whitworth, E., 2006, Assessing emergent business IT using the web of system performance, The Fifth Wuhan International Conference on E-Business, Wuhan, P.R. China, May 27-28, p1-15. Paper
- Mahinda, E and Whitworth, B., 2006, Using The WOSP Model To Improve End-User Productivity Of Information Systems, International Conference on Business IT (BIZIT 2006): Collaborating with ICT Innovations for Business Survival, August 8 – 10, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Paper.... Presentation
- Hare, K., Whitworth, B., Deek, F. and Norris, T., 2006, A New Approach to Clinical IT Resistance: The Need for Information Technology Confidentially and Mobility, Health Informatics New Zealand (HINZ 2006), August 9-11, Auckland, New Zealand. Paper
- Whitworth, B., 2005, Polite Computing, October, Behaviour & Information Technology. vol. 24, no. 5, September, p353 – 363 Presentation
- Whitworth, B., Banuls, V., Cheickna, S., Mahinda, E., 2005, An Expanded View of Technology Acceptance, Journal of AIS Sponsored Theory Development Workshop, Las Vegas, Dec 14th , p1-19
- Soltis, J., Patel, P. & Whitworth, B., 2005, Designing a New Employee Orientation (NEO) system, Special Interest Group on University and College Computer Services (SIGUCCS) Fall Conference in Monterey, California, Technical Program Track: Training and Documentation, p349-352
- Mahinda, E. & Whitworth, B., 2005, The Web of System Performance: Extending the TAM Model, Americas Conference on Information Systems, August 11-14, Omaha, Nebraska, USA , p367-374.
- Patten, K., Whitworth, B., Fjermestad, J., Mahinda, E., 2005, Leading IT Flexibility: Anticipation, Agility and Adaptability, Americas Conference on Information Systems, August 11-14, Omaha, Nebraska, USA , p2787-2792 .
- Foreman, B. & Whitworth, B., 2005, Information Disclosure and the Online Customer Relationship, Quality, Values and Choice Workshop, Computer Human Interaction 2005, Portland, Oregon, p1-7. http://brianwhitworth.com/foreman2005.doc
- Hare, K., Whitworth, B. and Jekelis, A., 2005, How Do We Get The Clinical Side Of Healthcare On Par With The Administrative Side Of Healthcare With Respect To Information Technology Alignment? Richard Tapia Celebration of Diversity in Computing Conference, Oct. 19-22, ALBUQUERQUE, N.M
2004 and Earlier
- Whitworth, B.& Whitworth, E., 2004, Spam and the Social-Technical
Gap, IEEE Computer, October, vol. 37, no. 10, p38-45.
- Mahinda, E. and Whitworth, B. 2004, Evaluating Flexibility and Reliability in Emergency Response Information Systems, International Workshop on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, Tilburg, The Netherlands, p 1- 6.
- Whitworth, B., & Zaic, M. (2003). The WOSP Model: Balanced
Information System Design And Evaluation. Communications of the Association
for Information Systems, 12, p258-282. See http://aisel.aisnet.org/amcis2005/173 or http://aisel.aisnet.org/cais/vol12/iss1/18/ .... Editors comment: Journal link
- Whitworth, B., & deMoor, A. (2003). Legitimate by design:
Towards trusted virtual community environments. Behaviour & Information
Technology, 22:1, p31-51. Journal
- Whitworth, B., & McQueen, R. J. (2003). Voting before discussing:
Electronic voting as social interaction. Group Facilitation, Spring 3(1), p1-16. Journal See also BNET version http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3954/is_200304/ai_n9179608/pg_1
B. and Whitworth, E., 2004, Spam and the socio-technical divide, 7th
International Conference on Work with Computing Systems WWCS 2004, 29
June – 3 July, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, p1-6.
- Whitworth, B. 2003, Legitimacy and cyber-society: Why cyber-deviance is more than just anti-normative behavior, Research Workshop on “Cyberdeviance” in the Digital Economy: Ethical, Legal, and Economic Implications”, March 6, 2003, The Irwin L. Gross eBusiness Institute (eBI), Fox School of Business & Management, Temple University. (editor review, 8 pages).
- Whitworth, B. & de Moor, A. 2002. Legitimate by design:
Towards trusted virtual community environments. Paper presented at the
Hawaii International Conference for the System Sciences (HICSS),
Hawaii. Nominated by Organizational Systems and Technology –Community
Informatics mini-track for best paper, p1-11 .
B., 2002, Polite computing: Software that respects the user, Etiquette
for human computer work, AAAI Fall Symposia Series, November 15-1,
North Falmouth, Ma, p1-7.
- Turoff, M., Hiltz, S.R., Fjermestad, J., Bieber, M. & Whitworth, B., 2002, Computer-Mediated Communications for Group Support:
Past and Future, Chapter 13 in Human Computer Interaction in the New
Millenium, John Carrol (Ed), ACM Press New York, p279-295
- Whitworth, B., & Bieber, M. 2002. Legitimate Navigation Links. Poster presented at ACM Hypertext 2002, Demonstrations and Posters, University of Maryland. (reviewed).
Q., & Whitworth, B. 2002. Initial thoughts on a different kind of
space: Measuring architectures and discourse coherence. Paper presented
at the Computer Human Interaction Discourse Architectures Workshop,
Minneapolis, Minnesota, p1-7.
- Whitworth, B., Gallupe, R. B. and McQueen R., 2001, Generating agreement in computer-mediated groups, Small Group Research, 32:5, p625-665 Journal
- Whitworth, B., Gallupe, R. B. and McQueen R., 2000, A cognitive three-process model of computer-mediated group interaction, Group Decision and Negotiation 9(5):p431-456 Journal Also
de Walle, B. Brian Whitworth and Murray Turoff, Surviving arrow’s
paradox: Preference and indifference in disagreeing groups, Group
Decision and Negotiation 2000, Glasgow, Scotland , p1-20.
- Whitworth, B., Bartel Van De Walle and Murray Turoff, 2000, Beyond Rational Decision Making, Group Decision and Negotiation 2000, Glasgow, Scotland, p1-13 http://brianwhitworth.com/beyondrationality.rtf.
B., 2000, The implications of a cognitive three process (C3P) model for
computer-mediated groups, SSGRR 2000, L'Aquila, July 31 - August 6,
International Conference on Advances in Infrastructure for Electronic
Business, Science and Education on the Internet, ISBN ISBN
- Whitworth, B. and Felton, R. (1999). Measuring disagreement in groups facing limited choice problems,THE DATABASE for Advances in Information Systems 30:3 & 4, pp. p22-33. Journal :
- Whitworth, B. and McQueen, R. J., 1999, Voting before discussing:
Computer voting as social communication, Proceedings of the 32nd Hawaii
International Conference on System Sciences. 1, p351-359 Nominated by
Collaboration Technology – Theory and Methodology mini-track for best
paper. (17 pages).
- Whitworth, B., and Felton, R., 1998, Measuring disagreement in groups facing limited choice problems,
Proceedings of the 31st Hawaii International Conference on System
Sciences, 1, p351-359 Nominated by Collaboration Technology – Theory
and Methodology mini-track for best paper. (9 pages).
B. and Plimmer, B., 1997, Towards a general taxonomy of communication
settings, National Advisory Committee on Computing Qualifications 10th
Annual Conference, Nelson July. (17 pages).
B. and Gallupe, R. B. 1997, Generating agreement in dispersed,
computer-mediated groups: An enhanced theoretical framework,
Administrative Sciences of Canada Conference Proceedings – Information
Systems, 18(4), p54-66.
- Whitworth, B.,
1996, Using normative influence to generate agreement in computer
mediated groups operating across lean networks, The 1996 Information
Systems Conference of New Zealand Doctoral Consortium. (editor review).
- Whitworth, B., 1996, Group cohesion in
computer mediated groups, Pacific Research Institute for Information
Systems and Management (PRIISM) 1996 International Conference
- Whitworth, B., 1995, The social psychology of distributed electronic
task groups, New Zealand Journal of Computing, 6, Number 1A,
- Whitworth, B., Major, 1985, Leadership - The forgotten dimension, The New Zealand Army Journal, 1, Dec, p15-28
E-voting article, NZ Herald, Business Section, 19th Sep 2008
Peter Hawes, 2008, A polite chat with Dr Brian, Off Campus, vol 13, issue 2, June, p20-21
Ulrika Hedquist 14 May, 2008 Academic argues software needs to learn manners: Politeness' is a critical success factor for software, Computerworld, http://computerworld.co.nz/news.nsf/devt/A4B9BCCD1B0884FACC2574480019CA20
Web Of System Performance Interview Carlton University Hotlab HotTopics, Newsletter of October 2005, p1-11. http://www.carleton.ca/hotlab/hottopics/Articles/October2005-TheWebOfSyste.html
Minding Ps and Qs online Massey News, Issue 3, Created: 3 March, 2006
- Hare, K., Whitworth, B., Deek, F. and Norris, T., 2006, Identifying Barriers to IT Adoption in Clinical Health Care: A Pilot Study, Health Care & Informatics Review Online, 1 September , ISSN 1176-4201, Enigma Publishing Limited http://hcro.enigma.co.nz/website/index.cfm
QUANTUM REALISMAn exploration of the theory that a quantum reality generates the physical world as a processing output. The aim is to reverse engineer the physical world.
§ Chapter 1.The Physical World as a Virtual Reality - Quantum theory and relativity imply that the physical world is a virtual reality.
Published as: Whitworth, B., 2010, The emergence of the physical world from information processing, Quantum Biosystems 2010, 2 (1) 221-249.
arXiv 2011 version
Academia 2014 link
§ Chapter 2. Simulating Space and Time - Explores how time and space are virtually created within a network event flux.
Published as: Whitworth, B., 2010, Simulating space and time, Prespacetime Journal, March 2010, Vol. 1, Issue 2, Page 218-243.
arXiv 2011 version
Academia 2014 link
§ Chapter 4. The Matter Glitch: An Alternative to the Standard Model - Electrons, quarks and atoms evolved from the first light. Gives a testable prediction.
Academia 2014 link
§ Chapter 5. Bit-shifting the Universe. Unifies relativity theory with quantum theory as a quantum processing output. TODO
§ Chapter 6. The Ego Illusion. Applies current psychology and neuro-psychology to the question of whether we have an "I". TODO§ Chapter 7. What is Reality? Does quantum realism have any support in the history of philosophy, religion and other writings? TODO
A brief introduction to quantum realism is given here: What is Reality?
§ Appendix 1. Quantum Realism FAQ Common questions about this theory
§ Appendix 2. FQXi Essay, Exploring the virtual reality conjecture, This 2010 essay was awarded a Fourth Prize. The ensuing discussion is also there.
Published as: Whitworth, B., 2011, The Virtual Reality Conjecture, Prespacetime Journal, Vol 2, No 9, p1404-1433. Includes an Annex of the online discussion that followed
§ Appendix 3. Podcast. Imagining our world as a virtual reality, A 2008 interview with Jeff Young of The Chronicle of Higher Education.
§ Jan 25 2008 Earthfiles Interview Linda used my ideas, wrote them up, then locked up the result as her own "members only" property that even I cant access. Shame on her to take but not give!
- Chair of Socio-technical Design Mini-track at HICSS 2009, The 42nd Annual Hawaii International Conference on the System Sciences, 5-8 Jan, Waikaloa Village, Big Island
- Chair (with Karen Patten) of Social Issues Track at AMCIS 2009, 15th Americas Conference on Information Systems, San Francisco, California, August 6 - 9, 2009