The advantage of space as a surface is that it allows waves upon it. In current physics, light is a transverse wave whose amplitude is said to be “imaginary” but quantum realism lets light vibrate into quantum space. A transverse wave needs a surface to vibrate upon and since light can travel in the vacuum of space, it must be a 3D surface. If a pool top is sealed in concrete, no waves can travel on it because the water can’t move up and down. Likewise, if our 3D space is “sealed” how can light be a transverse wave? Light has to vibrate at right angles to its direction and is “sequestered” from that dimension because a wave cannot leave the surface it vibrates upon.

Imagine a pond of water with waves on its surface – there is the movement of the waves and the movement of the water. The waves move across the surface but the water moves up and down transversely hence a cork just bobs up and down as a wave passes. What moves horizontally is a pattern of transverse displacements not the water. Light then is a pattern of electromagnetic displacements into quantum space. Since light as a wave can’t travel in the direction of its amplitude, the quantum dimension is indeed “imaginary” to us.

That we are sequestered from the quantum dimension doesn’t mean it doesn’t exist. We can infer that light waves arise from positive and negative electromagnetic displacements just as a water wave does. This requires a surface for light to vibrate upon and that surface is space. Current physics can’t accept that this displacement is *real *but quantum realism can. It sees electromagnetism as quantum processing being passed on and deduces that the fundamental quantum process rotates circle of values at right angles to space, in what from now on is called a transverse circle.

To set a circle of values is efficient because the processing end begins another cycle. If quantum processing is like our processing, there are no half-cycles so a cycle must complete once begun. When this fundamental process runs in one node, equal positive and negative displacements in the same cycle cancel out to give space. The same processing distributed over more nodes gives the wave pattern of light (Figure 2.7) as the next chapter explains.

That light is based on a rotation into an unseen dimension seems strange but the complex numbers that explain electromagnetism assume just that. Schrödinger’s equation describes an electron as a three-dimensional wave whose value at any point the mathematics defines as imaginary. Schrödinger called it a matter density wave because high values make matter more likely to exist there but quantum waves act nothing like matter. Born called it a probability wave because its amplitude squared is the probability an entity exists there but a probability is just a number. One might expect the ultimate formula of reality to be something physical, but it isn’t. We know that the quantum amplitude that predicts physical events isn’t based on mass, momentum, velocity or any other physical property. That the unreal creates the real makes no sense but physicists implicitly accept this when they use complex numbers. Quantum realism concludes that light is a quantum processing wave setting displacements on the surface of space.