None of the above methods work for a quantum network so how can it not lose transfers, in order to conserve energy for example? Transfers can’t be synchronized by a common clock rate as our universe has no common time, quantum processing can’t be stored in static buffers by its dynamic nature, and locking transmissions would lead to deadlock situations that we don’t observe.
One thing we know about our universe is that the speed of light is constant. If quantum nodes transferring quantum processing waited for destination nodes to finish their cycles, the speed of light would vary for the same route, which it doesn’t. That light doesn’t wait implies that nodes immediately receive any transfer as an interrupt. Won’t this lose the processing they are currently doing? Not if each cycle every node first passes its processing to its neighbors, then processes what it receives. The pass-it-on protocol is that every cycle quantum processing is passed on. Note that each node has separate channels for each network neighbor connection and no “overtaking” is possible.
The problem with this solution for a network is that it could create an infinite loop, but there is one more thing to consider – that space is expanding. In quantum realism, space expanding isn’t just mysteriously adding “nothing” but adding new quantum nodes. When a new node enters space, it has no free processing to pass on for its first cycle so it receives only. So any pass-it-on ripple will stop when it meets a new node of space, as it accepts the extra processing without passing anything on. As space is expanding everywhere not just at some “edge”, any pass-it-on loop will eventually stop.
There is one more consequence. The ongoing spreading of light throughout the universe as an interrupt will act to make the asynchronous quantum network largely synchronous. The effect is not perfect, but it is general.
In this protocol, nothing ever waits so there is no need for buffers. Any quantum processing activated on the quantum network will immediately spread out, as it is passed on at the speed of light. Every node of the quantum network is always ready to receive and each can run at its own rate which we know increases efficiency. Light moves on one node every cycle, every transfer is accepted and expanding space nullifies infinite pass-it-on loops.