Just as a particle model requires fundamental particles so a processing model requires a basic network command. The set of operations a processor can do is its command set, e.g. a processor designed for simple arithmetic might have “add one”, “subtract one” and “add zero” as basic commands. A computer has a bigger command set but the idea is the same. As computing began using databases and networks new commands were added, giving complex instruction set computing (CISC) until it was discovered that reduced instruction set computing (RISC) is more efficient.

The proposed command set for the quantum network is the ultimate RISC design of one command:

Set the next value in a transverse circle

A transverse circle on space permits positive-negative electromagnetic values and it always works because a circle’s end is also its start. A full transverse circle completed in one cycle is a null process and the last chapter concluded that this was space, as a transverse circle sets equal positive and negative displacements that cancel to “nothing”. Note that these displacements aren’t physical but occur in an “imaginary” quantum space just as complex number theory says. *It is now proposed that this **quantum network command passed on is light.*

Figure 3.11 shows how a *basic quantum process* can be distributed more or less to give the entire electromagnetic spectrum. At the top is a *quantum process *(1) that is distributed (2) among some number of *quantum network nodes *(3) that run it at some *frequency* (4) as a sine wave that is passed on at the *speed of light* (5). Just as a circle rotation frequency can map to any sine wave frequency so a circular process distributed more or less can map to any sine wave frequency in the electromagnetic spectrum. The frequency of a photon of light depends on the degree to which the quantum process is distributed because *when processing is distributed more it runs* slower not less. A longer wavelength just means that each node runs the same process more slowly.

In our terms, the node processing rate is the frequency of light, so sharing the same process over different wavelengths gives the different frequencies of light. As the process is cloned each cycle by the pass-it-on protocol, the nodes behind continue to run it to completion. As new nodes begin, others complete the transverse circle, so the total server processing demand per photon remains the same. Since the basic quantum process is also the null processing of space, in this view light is in effect space spread out. Hence a photon has no rest mass because if it rested for its wave train to catch up, it would revert back to empty space. *Every photon in the electromagnetic spectrum is thus the same basic quantum process more or less distributed*.

**PS** In quantum realism, the speed of light *c=L*_{P}/T_{P}, where *L*_{P} is a Planck length of 1.616×10^{−35}, and *T*_{P} is Planck time of 5.39 × 10^{−44} seconds. The result of 299,792,458 meters per second is the speed of light (see here).

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