In current physics, an electron has a small mass and a negative charge. It is a zero-dimensional point particle that doesn’t occupy any space. Its “size” then is exactly zero but how an entity with no spatial extent has mass substance is never really explained. The standard model does not answer the question of what an electron actually is.
In quantum realism, an electron is processing that occupies one node of the quantum network, so it has a “size” just as a screen pixel has a size. A photon is a distributed quantum process being passed on, so:
1. One photon is accepted at a node by one channel that vibrates at right angles to its polarization plane.
2. The bandwidth of one channel is one quantum process per quantum cycle.
3. Channels transmit photon streams in lockstep order so they can’t overtake.
4. If two photons meet head-on in a channel, it accepts both.
Normal photons meeting head-on don’t overload a channel it as its bandwidth exceeds their processing total but extreme light is different. An extreme photon has a two-node wavelength so it has half a quantum process in each node. If two such photons meet head-on, each requesting a half quantum process, the channel bandwidth overloads, i.e. they “collide”.
Since photons spin on their axis of movement, a photon that collides can restart in another axis channel to disentangle but this can’t happen if the overload occurs in every channel. An extreme light beam has extreme photons filling every channel of its movement axis so if two such beams meet head-on, every channel on one axis overloads at once (Figure 4.2), so now there are no free channels for photons to restart in. That extreme light beams meet head-on is obviously unlikely but it must have occurred in the early plasma by the law of all action, that everything possible eventually happens (3.6.3).
Figure 4.3 shows the result for one channel, with every channel the same. In this and other pictures, a “head” is the leading half of an extreme photon and a “tail” is the following half. When two heads of half a quantum process meet, they overload the channel bandwidth so both photons restart the next cycle. Two new photons then set off in different directions but that gives another overload that restarts them again and the overload/restart repeats every quantum cycle from then on. The network that once hosted only waves now has a permanent processing bump –an electron. It is stable because any entity arriving on that axis finds all the channels taken while anything at right angles just passes right through.
In his PhD, Feynman partitioned the electron wave equation into opposing advanced and retarded waves but didn’t
pursue it, perhaps thinking that electron particles can’t be waves. Since then, Wolff has argued that electrons are in and out spherical waves (Wolff, M., 2001), Cramer’s transactional theory uses retarded and advanced waves (Cramer, 1986), and Wheeler–Feynman’s absorber theory does the same (Wheeler & Feynman, 1945). Experiments show that electromagnetic waves can repeatedly interact to form static states (Audretsch, 2004, p23) and repeated observations can maintain a quantum state if the time delay is short (Itano, Heinzen, Bollinger, & Wineand, 1990). It follows that electromagnetic waves can collides to form static standing waves just as other waves do (Figure 4.4). Quantum realism concludes that an electron is a quantum standing wave created when extreme photons collide.
This contradicts the standard model in several ways. Instead of a point particle made of nothing else, an electron is made of photons in a single quantum node. Instead of having no structure, those photons fill the channels of one axis. If matter is light trapped in a never-ending loop, it isn’t inert at all. Matter is light “frozen” in place but still pulsing at the speed of light, like a stuck record endlessly repeating. Matter as a standing wave is both stationary and moving. But since this only applies on one axis, an electron is only one-dimensional matter.
When a computing processor gets in an infinite loop, it “hangs” and doesn’t respond to input. When our devices hang, we just restart them but this doesn’t work for the infinite loop of restarts described above. If a network node “locked” in an infinite loop that even a restart can’t fix, it would be a major glitch. But for the quantum network, the matter glitch was an evolution not an error.