Suppose one could see a computer output but had no access the hardware and software that created it. If one saw that every change occurred in bit amounts, would one assume that virtual “bit particles” created them? A better conclusion is that the bit is the basic unit of processing. When physics deduced virtual photons, all it really knew was that photons exist and electromagnetism changes in photon amounts. Following Newton, it concluded that virtual photons were the cause.
Quantum realism sees the same facts differently. Electromagnetic effects occur in photon units because the photon is the basic network operation, so all changes inevitably look like photon effects. The quantum network changes in photon units for the same reason that computer outputs change in bit units. The link between photons and electromagnetism is correlation not causation, and confusing the two is the oldest error in science. Quantum processing that tries every option doesn’t need agents to push it, e.g. an electron can fall to a lower energy orbit without an “orbit boson” to make it so. The forces that physics attributes to particles are the natural results of quantum processing as follows:
1. Electromagnetism. Where the standard model sees virtual photons quantum realism sees a network re-allocating its basic operation. No virtual photons are needed to explain electromagnetism.
2. The strong effect. The standard model needed a new field, three new charges and eight gluons to bind quarks in a nucleus but in quantum realism quarks share photons to achieve stability, and the color charge is the axis orientation needed for a stable result. Again, no magical gluon agents are needed.
3. The weak effect. The standard model needed another field, three more bosons and two new charges to explain neutron decay but still couldn’t explain why protons don’t decay. In quantum realism, neutron decay is a neutrino effect and the reverse is an electron effect that only occurs in stars so protons are stable in empty space. Weak bosons are again unnecessary and thus imaginary agents.
4. The Higgs. If weak bosons don’t exist, the Higgs boson isn’t needed at all. CERN just added yet another species to its already overflowing menagerie of pointless “particles” that played no role whatsoever in the evolution of matter.
5. Gravity. Gravity was the first field and every attempt to find gravitons has failed but standard model iconographies still display it as if it were proven (Figure 4.17). In quantum realism, particles will never explain gravity as what is in a space-time canvas can’t alter space and time as gravity does. Chapter 5 attributes gravity to the grid processing gradient.
What rules apply in this brave new world of virtual particles? The standard model lets the Higgs interact with weak bosons to give them mass but how do the other bosons interact? A quark is subject to electromagnetic, strong, weak, Higgs and gravity forces, so if a virtual photon, gluon, weak boson, Higgs and graviton appear at the same time, what happens? To say that virtual bosons only interact to make our equations work is quite unsatisfactory. And as matter bosons need anti-matter versions, what happens when a Higgs meets an anti-Higgs?
The standard model invents virtual particles for effects that quantum realism derives from a core quantum process. Why invent a multitude of virtual particles to explain what a single quantum process can? Quantum realism concludes that virtual particles are unnecessary because quantum processing can explain their effects.