In science, a new theory is tested when it predicts what contradicts the old theory. Quantum realism predicts that light, and light alone, collided to create matter. In contrast, the standard model holds that light is made of photon particles that don’t collide because they are bosons that can occupy the same quantum state without colliding. Table 4.1 is based on a distinction between matter particles (fermions) and force particles (bosons), where fermions collide and bosons don’t. If matter collides by a basic substantiality that light does not have, then:
“Two photons cannot ever collide. In fact light is quantized only when interacting with matter.” Wikipedia 2019.
In contrast, quantum realism predicts that extreme light in empty space will collide to form matter. Evidence to support this includes that:
1. Photons confined have mass. A free photon is massless but if confined in a hypothetical 100% reflecting mirror box it has a rest mass because as the box accelerates unequal photon pressure on its reflecting walls creates inertia (van der Mark & t’Hooft, 2011). By the same logic, photons entangled in a node will have mass.
2. Einstein’s formula. That matter is energy works both ways so if nuclear bombs can turn mass into energy, photon energy can create mass. The Breit-Wheeler process describes how high energy photons can create matter.
3. Particle accelerator collisions routinely create new matter. Protons that collide and stay intact give new matter that didn’t exist before. If this matter comes from the collision energy, high energy photons can do the same.
4. Pair production. High-frequency light near a nucleus gives electrons and positrons that annihilate back into space.
5. Light collides. When high-energy photons at the Stanford Linear Accelerator hit an electron beam to accelerate it at almost the speed of light, some electrons knocked a photon back with enough energy to hit the photon behind it, giving matter pairs that a magnetic field pulled apart to detect (Burke et al., 1997).
That extreme light alone colliding in a vacuum gives matter is a prediction that no experiment has yet tested.
If beams of pure light can collide in pure space to create matter, the boson-fermion distinction of the standard model is challenged as then bosons can create fermions. If matter evolved from light, the future of physics lies in colliding light not matter so physics should build light colliders rather than particle colliders. Recent experiments support the idea that matter can arise from light, although the light colliding came from high-energy particle collisions creating intense photon bursts rather than directly from lasers.
The standard model expected the short-lived energy flashes of its accelerators to unlock the secrets of the universe but it didn’t happen and quantum realism says it never will. If matter evolved, our billion-dollar accelerators are just finding transient evolutionary dead-ends that led nowhere because in evolution, what doesn’t survive doesn’t change the future. The standard model assumes that matter came first but in quantum realism, light was the first existence.
Physical realism is just a theory and scientists who don’t question their theories are priests. Last century, it was the only game in town but today quantum realism is the rational alternative that space is network null processing, time is its processing cycles, light is the basic quantum process and matter is entangled light rebooting. This theory, based on reverse engineering, is testable, so if it is wrong, let the facts decide.