Figure 4.19 is the quantum wave alternative proposed here. It is simpler because it doesn’t need bosons to push particles around since quantum waves act like an ever-flowing river that actively finds a stable state. Quantum waves spread at the speed of light to act at a distance, so virtual particles aren’t necessary. While the lines in Figure 4.18 are similarities between supposed fundamentals, the lines in Figure 4.19 signify a dynamic evolution.
Quantum realism begins with a basic quantum process that generates the first entity, a photon, as a quantum wave. Light then goes on to form the leptons and quarks that go on to form the atoms that in time formed us. In this physical evolution, the entire physical universe “booted-up” from a single photon rather than being “made” from a matter Lego-set. It is a vision of something alive that grows rather than inert particles pushed around by magical forces.
The quantum network defines the smallest unit of space, so there is no need for virtual particles to keep dimensionless points of matter apart. It also explains why the speed of light is a maximum, as the maximum transfer rate of a network is one node per cycle. If matter is a standing quantum wave, electrons and neutrinos are brother leptons because they are phase versions of the same quantum collision, as are up and down quarks. Matter is now an evolution not a given.
The standard model tries to reduce complexity to a matter Lego-set but ultimately it fails. A quantum wave model evolves complexity from quantum simplicity. The Mandelbrot set, illustrates how dynamic simplicity gives complexity, as one line of complex code repeated gives rise to endless forms (Figure 4.20). The Mandelbrot set is endlessly complex not because it was “built” from many components but because it is an endlessly dynamic interaction.
Quantum realism derives the complexity of the physical world from quantum simplicity.